Whole Body Term Whole body terminology

Question Answer
abdominal cavity cavity beneath the thoracic cavity; contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys
anaplasia change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentation and reversion to a more primitive form.
anatomical position body as a whole: the person is standing with arms at the sides and palms turned forward; individuals head and feet are also pointing forward
anterior pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
aplasia development failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal pertaining to the tail
cell smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
cell membrane semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae C1-C7
chromosomes threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
coccyx tailbone
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
cranial cavity cavity that contains the brain
cytology study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body
dorsal pertaining to the back
dysplasia any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac region in the upper section of the abdomen
epithelial tissue tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body
frontal plane vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet; dividing the body into front and back portions
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
histologist medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hyperplasia an increase in the number of cells of a body part
hypogastric region middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue
inferior below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; groin
lateral toward the side of the body; away from the midline of the body
lumbar region right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
McBurneys Point Point on the right side of the abdoment, about two thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
medial toward the midline of the body
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
midline of the body body is divided into equal right and left halves
mitochondria cell organs which provide the energy needed by the cell
muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fiber
navel umbilicus; belly button
neoplasia new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses through the body
nucleus central controlling body within a living cell
pelvic cavity lower front cavity of the body; contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
peritoneum specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body
plane imaginary slices or cuts made through the body; 3 planes-frontal, midsaggital, transverse
plantar pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
posterior pertaining to the back of the body
prone lying facedown on the abdomen
proximal toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
sacrum singular triangular-shaped bone; S1
skeletal muscle msucle that is attached to bone
smooth muscle muscle fount in the walls of the hollow internal organs
superficial pertaining to the surface of the body
superior above or upward toward the head
supination a movement that allows the palsm of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine lying horizontally on the back, faceup
thoracic cavity chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea
thoracic vertebrae T1-T12
tissue group of cells that performs specialized function
transverse plane dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
umbilical region region of the abdomen located in the middle section; between the right and left lumbar regions
umbilicus navel; belly button
ventral pertaining to the front; belly side
visceral pertaining to the internal organs
visceral muscle muscle found in smooth organs

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