Tissues Prac. Quiz Test 1

Question Answer
List the four primary times of tissues in animals epithelial/connective/muscle/nervous
Which type of tissue is specialized for protection and secretion epithelial tissue
T/F Absorption is movement of materials across an epithelial surface into the body true
T/F Epithelial tissue is characterized by cells tightly packed together and often joined to each other by tight junctions true
List seven types of secretions produced by epithelial cells tears/sweat/hormones/saliva/stomach acid/digestive enzymes/milk/buffers
The _______ surface of an epithelial cell is the exposed side that faces the lumen of a duct, tract, or space, or external environment apical
The ______ surface of an epithelial cell is usually supported by a basement membrane. basal (basolateral)
T/F Cilia and microvilli are typically located on the basal surface of an epithelial cell false
T/F Epithelial tissue is usually avascular and can be regenerated true
_______ epithelial cells are flattened squamous
________ epithelial cells can change shape, for example when the bladder fills and stretches transitional
________ epithelial cells are box-shaped cuboidal
________ epithelial cells are long and narrow columnar
T/F stratified epithelial tissue consists of a single layer of cells false
T/F Pseudostratified epithelial tissue appear to have multiple layers of cells, but actually has a single layer true
The ________ lamina in basement membrane is produced by the epithelial cells supported by the membrane basal
The _______ lamina in a basement membrane is produced by the underlying connective tissue reticular
T/F An endocrine gland releases secretions into ducts false
T/F An exocrine gland releases secretions into the blood false
Which type of tissue is characterized by cells sparsely distributed throughout an extensive extracellular matrix? connective tissue
T/F Connective tissue is usually innervated and vascular true
T/F Ground substance is extracellular material in connective tissue that is often gelatinous true
tough but flexible collagen fibers
return to original shape elastic fibers
form network or framework reticular fibers
_________ are cells that produce extracellular material in dense and loose connective tissue fibroblasts
________ are cells that produce extracellular material in cartilage chondroblasts
_______ are cells that produce extracellular material in bone osteoblasts
T/F Connective tissue often has defense cells such as mast cells and macrophages true
List 3 types of dense connective tissue dense regular/irregular/elastic
has abundant elastic fibers elastic
has interwoven tough collagen fibers dense irregular
has tough collagen fibers arranged in parallel dense regular
resists forces primarily in one direction dense regular
resists forces in multiple directions dense irregular
Which type of connective tissue is prominent in tendons and ligaments? dense regular
Which type of connective tissue is prominent in the fibrous capsule of joints dense irregular
Which type of connective prper is prominent in the walls of large arteries elastic
list 3 types of loose connective tissue areolar/adipose/reticular
Which type of connective tissue anchors skin to muscles? areolar
Which type of connective tissue stores energy and provides insulation and cushioning? adipose
Which type of connective tissue forms a meshwork within organs? reticular
What are the three types of cartilage? Hyaline cartilage/Fibrocartilage/Elastic cartilage
Fine collagen fibers Hyaline cartilage
Abundant, thick collagen fubers Fibrocartilage
Collagen and elastic fibers Elastic cartilage
Which type cartilage is prominent in the nose? Hyaline
Which type of cartilage is prominent in the ears? Elastic
Which type of cartilage is prominent in intervertebral disks (between vertebrae)? Fibrocartilage
T/F Blood, lymph, and bone are types of connective tissue true
Which of the following is the epithelial membrane in the skin?

A. cutaneous membrane
B. mucous membrane (mucosa)
C. serous membrane
D. synovial membrane

A. cutaneous membrane
Which of the following is the epithelial membrane on the surface of organs and lining body cavities?

A. cutaneous membrane
B. mucous membrane (mucosa)
C. serous membrane
D. synovial membrane

C. serous membrane
Which of the following is the membrane in some joints and that may lack epithelial tissue?

A. cutaneous membrane
B. mucous membrane (mucosa)
C. serous membrane
D. synovial membrane

D. synovial membrane
Which of the following is the epithelial membrane lining the respiratory tract, digestive tract, urinary tract, and reproductive tract?

A. cutaneous membrane
B. mucous membrane (mucosa)
C. serous membrane
D. synovial membrane

B. mucous membrane (mucosa)
T/F Mucous membranes are specialized for absorption and secretion true
T/F Serous membranes secrete lubricating fluid true
The _____ _________ is the serous membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity parietal peritoneum
The _____ _________ is the serous membrane that lines the outer surface of organs in the abdominal cavity. visceral peritoneum
The _____ ________ is the serous membrane that lines the outer surface of the lungs. visceral pleura
The _____ ________ is the serous membrane that lines the walls of the chest cavity parietal pleura

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