Chapter 3

Question Answer
Delta A triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
Cataracts Rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Menes First pharaoh of Egypt; he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt and is said to found the city of Memphis, the capital of unified Egypt
Pharaoh Ruler of ancient Egypt
Theocracy A government ruled by religious leaders who claim god's authority
Bureaucracy A highly structured organization, often governmental, managed by officials
Hatshepsut Queen of ancient Egypt, She took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose 3, and during her reign, focused on temple- building projects and trade
Ramses the Great Pharaoh of Egypt; he led an army of against Hittite invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and monuments than any other Egyptian pharaoh
Obelisks Tall, thin pillars with pyramid shaped tops
Mummification The process of preserving the body with chemicals after death
Hieroglyphics A form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sound
Papyrus A paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the reedy papyrus plant, which grows in the Nile River delta
Rosetta Stone A granite stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic characters, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics
Piankhi King of ancient Kush; he led the Kushites north into Egypt, conquering all of Egypt and making himself Pharaoh
Smelt To melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components

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