Ch 4 Whole Body Term Whole Body Terminology

Question Answer
abdominal cavity the cavity beneath the thoracic cavity, (liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys)
anaplasia a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form
anatomical position the standard reference position for the body as a whole
anterior pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly
aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle the muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal pertaining to the tail
cell the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter
cell membrane the semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae C1 through C7
chromosomes the threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
coccyx tailbone
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
cranial skull or cranium
cranial cavity the cavity that contains the brain
cytology the study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body
dorsal pertaining to the back
dysplasia any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region the region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions int he upper section of the abdomen
epithelial tissue the tissue that covers the internal and external organs od the body
frontal plane vertical planes passing through the body from head to the feet, dividing the body into front and back portions
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
histologist a medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hyperplasia an increase in the # of cells of a body part
hypochondriac region the right and left regions of the upper abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs; located on either side of the epigastric region
hypogastric region the middle section of the lower abdomen
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue
inferior below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region the right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen
lateral toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body
lumbar region the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdonem
McBurney's point a point on the right side of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip
medial toward the midline of the body
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
midline of the body body is divided into equal right and left halves
mitochondria cell organs, provide the energy needed by the cell
muscle tissue the tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
navel the umbilicus, the belly button
neoplasia the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body
nucleus the central controlling body within a living cell
pelvic cavity the lower front cavity of the body, contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
peritoneum a specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body
plane imaginary slices(or cuts) made through the body
plantar pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
posterior pertaining to the back of the body
prone lying facedown on the abdomen
proximal toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
sacrum the singular triangular-shaped bone
skeletal muscle muscle that is attached to bone S1
smooth muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs
superficial pertaining to the surface of the body
superior above or upward toward the head
supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine lying horizontally on the back, faceup
thoracic cavity the chest cavity, which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea
tissue a group of cells that performs specialized functions
transverse plane dividing the body into superior(upper) and inferior(lower) portions
umbilical region the region of the abdomen located in the middle section between the right and left lumbar regions
umbilicus the navel, also called the belly button
ventral pertaining to the front, belly side
visceral pertaining to the internal organs
visceral muscle (smooth muscle) muscle found in the internal organs

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *