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Term Definition
delta a triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
cataracts rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Menes first pharoah of Egypt' he is credited with uniting upper and lower Egypt and said to have founded the city of Memphis, the capital of unified Egypt.
pharaoh ruler of ancient egypt
theocracy a government ruled by religious leader who claim God's authority
bureaucracy a highly structured organization, often governmental, managed by officials.
Hatshepsut Queen of ancient Egypt, she took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose 111, and during her reign, focused on temple building projects and trade.
Ramses the Great Pharaoh of Egypt; he led an army against Hittite invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and monuments than any other pharaoh.
obelisks tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops
mummification the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death.
hieroglyphics a form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds
papyrus a paper like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the reedy papyrus plant, which grows in the Nile river delta
Rosetta stone a granite stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic characters, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglypics
Piankhi king of ancient Kush; he led the Kushites north into Egypt, conquering all of Egypt and making himself pharoah
smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components

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